What Is Dengue Fever, Its Symptoms and Treatment Options

Dengue Fever is a disease that is caused by a virus that is carried by mosquitoes. Aedes of aegypti is the mosquito that often transmits the disease via its bite. This kind of mosquito is found in subtropical and tropical areas in Southeast Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, South & Central America, a few parts of the Caribbean, and a few parts of the Indonesian archipelago in the north-eastern region of Australia. Travelers to other areas of the globe are more susceptible to being affected by the illness.

This type of virus can bring on a separate illness known as Dengue hemorrhagic fever. However, the signs of this condition are graver as Dengue Fever. Though both diseases share the same name and are caused by a common virus, these are distinct diseases that shouldn’t be confused and others.

Dengue Fever is no joke. It’s unforgiving and life-threatening (it is already killing thousands). Most often, all you need is one bite from a mosquito.

One bite. And the mosquito to be concerned will be the Aedes (Stegomyia) Aegypti, which is prevalent in tropical areas like India and the Philippines, Vietnam, Brazil, Malaysia, etc. This Aedes aegypti can be a very dangerous mosquito because it selects the wrong time to attack. Theoretically, they are most active between dawn and dusk, but in reality, they can bite at any time during the day.

The Signs of Dengue Fever

After the infection has developed following a mosquito bite, within 4-7 days, the patient will experience an acute high fever. Usually, that can reach temperatures of 104 or 105 degrees Fahrenheit. The fever could be associated with the appearance of a red rash across the body. In a couple of days, an additional rash like measles may occur. The discomfort and increased skin sensitivity are often felt because of the eruption. Other typical symptoms include:

  • Joint pains.
  • Fatigue muscles.
  • Headache (most typically in the eye).
  • Swollen lymph nodes.
  • Nausea and vomiting.

Diagnostic Tests

Several tests could be performed to identify the cause of the condition. This includes an entire blood count (CBC) and a Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) or Antibody Titer test to determine the exact kind of dengue virus.

Treatment

Dengue fever does not have any specific treatment. The manifestations of the illness can be managed with certain medications. Acetaminophen (Tylenol) could be prescribed if you have a severe fever. It is essential to steer clear of Aspirin during this time. As dehydration is a common occurrence due to the course of the disease, it is vital to offer fluids to patients whenever signs of dehydration become apparent.

Prognosis

Dengue fever isn’t a fatal illness. It can cause discomfort to patients in the event of symptoms, typically for at least a week. But, the patient will completely recover within a few days. In extreme cases of the disease, additional complications such as febrile convulsions and severe dehydration can be observed.

If a person has traveled to a location experiencing an increase in the incidence of the illness, they must consult a physician when they begin to notice signs of the disease.

Prevention

Because mosquitoes bring on the illness, keeping one’s exposure to mosquitoes to a minimum is the most effective method to avoid contracting the illness. Using mosquito repellents, nets, and more breathable clothing can reduce mosquito bites. Going to tropical areas where mosquito activity is low can also be beneficial. Local authorities can also conduct programs to control mosquitoes to lower the risk of contracting an infection in the vicinity.

Prevention Strategies to Prevent Dengue Fever

1. Make sure you clean up your backyard.

2. Look for stagnant water, like pails, flower vases, cans, bins, tires, and aquariums—puddles, aquariums, etc. Refill the water in the vase regularly, take out the cans, and store them upside down.

3. Purchase a repellent for mosquitoes for your family and yourself.

4. Opt for long-sleeved shirts and pants; if you can, wear socks.

5. If you’re quick, take out an insect and many more. It’s not the moment to be nervous.

Conclusion

Simply following these steps and encouraging all community members can prevent Dengue fever from spreading. In reality, you can prevent the spread of two illnesses- dengue and malaria- so you kill two birds with one stone. No, we mean mosquitoes.

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